Dear seekers of Vedic Knowledge,
Time (Kala) and Space (Dis) as described in Vedas
Vedas contain harmonized knowledge of Divine (eternal), Spiritual (with-draw able) and material (perishable) subjects. Time and Space are Divine subjects in Vedas.
These two ontological categories Time (Kala) and Space (Dis) are very important in Vedas. Space is Avyakrta Akasa- the uncreated Eternal and unmodified Akasa- the Space. Akasa is one of the five main elements (mahabhutas) i.e. earth (Prithvi), air (Vayu), water (Jala), fire (Teja) and ether (akash) . The former Ayavkata Akasa and Time (Kala) co-exist with Brahman like Prakrti (divine Nature) and energy principle Jeev/jiva (Spirit).
Both Time and Space are eternal. No one can imagine origin and limit of Time and Space. Space contains everything and makes our movement possible and Time conditions and regulates the generating growth and dissolution of every material thing. Both unmodified Time and space are not perceived by our senses and sense organs. However, these can be perceived by the intuitive power of the Soul (Atma) at the stage of Kaivalya, Turiya and self realization when one can communicate with the soul.
Hence Rig Veda 1-30-21&22 ordains never waste a single moment. God lives in Time and Space and moves with Time (both are eternal). Heavens, Earth, day and night all serve Time and Time controls All (Rig Veda 1-95-7).
Owing to its subtle and divine nature Rig Veda 1-95-8 again advises, be punctual in worldly affairs and activities. All calculations are made in mathematics i.e. duration of year, month, day, life of the earth based on Sun (Surya). The calculation should start from divine and bright daughter of Surya viz. Usha (R.V 1-115-2). Time has subtle anus and kanus gross and subtle atoms (tanmatras) like mind, ether which control all celestial movement. (R.V 1-97-7). Study the attributes of Usha (dawn) to know the science of Time (Kala vidya). RV 1-92-2. Usha reminds you to set Time Table properly. Each dawn reduces your life span (RV 1-95- 1 on wards). So do not waste Time.
From Time all beings emerge, from Time they advance and grow. In Time they rest. Time is embodied and also timeless. He/She who knows the entire concept of Time and Space know Vedas. (Maitri Upanishad- 4-14-15).
Time is akshram (eternal) and God is mahad akshram-Great eternal.
Since time lives in God so it is beyond gunas, as it exists in void
RV 1-164-1 onwards up to 12 refer to kshan less than a second, mahurat- a moment, prahar (about three hours) divas (day) paksha fortnight, etc 30 mahurats are day and night of 48 minutes each. Time and Space are His vibhuti (glory)
3/4th part of space is beyond human perception through our senses but known to our soul. R.V 1-131-1, VI-47-8)
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With kind regards,
Kindly feel free to improve this Vedic Message as I have based it on a few Veda mantras/riks. Vedas have many other mantras/riks on this subject.
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